Mr Corbyn said it is "vital that parliament has the chance to debate and decide in advance" of any military action, which he warned "risks a unsafe escalation of the conflict".
Amid conflicting tweets about the timing of any retaliation, United States president Donald Trump said on Thursday that an attack on Syria could take place "very soon or not so soon at all". "We must do everything we can, no matter how challenging, to bring that about".
Labour's leader says the PM is not accountable to the "whims of a US President" and asks her to release her "full" legal advice.
Yesterday Mr Corbyn said: 'Bombs won't save lives or bring about peace.
A girl looks on following alleged chemical weapons attack, in what is said to be Douma, Syria in this still image from video obtained by Reuters on April 8, 2018.
The legal argument will form the centrepiece of Mr Corbyn's attack on the Government's handling of the issue when MPs return on Monday after the Easter recess.
"The reason they're not doing it is they are frightened they'll lose the vote".
"We hope that there will be no point of no return - that the U.S. and their allies will refrain from military action against a sovereign state", Mr Nebenzia said, adding that "the danger of escalation is higher than simply Syria".
"Riding the coattails of an erratic US President is no substitute for a mandate from the House of Commons", he said.
Russian Federation and Iran warn of 'consequences' as North Atlantic Treaty Organisation backs Syria bombing
Syria has denied responsibility, but the U.S., France and Britain have said there is no doubt the Assad government was responsible.
Lib Dem leader Sir Vince Cable said the failure to do this "fatally undermines the integrity of this mission".
The leader of Britain's largest opposition party is suggesting Theresa May, the prime minister, could face a backlash in parliament for her decision to join the United States and France in launching strikes against Syria.
David Cameron, May's predecessor, lost a parliamentary vote on air strikes against Assad's forces in 2013 when 30 Conservative politicians voted against action, with many Britons wary of entering another conflict after interventions in Iraq, Afghanistan and Libya failed to bring stability to the region.
The fact-finding mission from the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons was expected to head to Douma, where the suspected attack took place and where Russian Federation said rebels had now capitulated to government control.
The comments come after Theresa May won the backing of her Cabinet for military action against Syrian forces.
"There have been many instances when we have seen them using those chemical weapons".
Other Western leaders are considering potential retaliation against the Syrian government for the use of chemical weapons in the conflict.
May said chemical weapons had "all too often" been used in recent times.
"Cabinet agreed the prime minister should continue to work with allies in the United States and France to coordinate an global response", the statement added.