The Syrian military forces have not commented on the resolution so far.
U.S. Ambassador Nikki Haley expressed her skepticism that the Syrian government would comply with the cease-fire, but said the truce must be given a chance to work.
"As they dragged out the negotiations, the bombs from Assad's fighter jets continued to fall".
"Here we are voting for a ceasefire that could have saved lives days ago, and after all of this time, hardly anything has changed in the resolution except a few words and some commas."Nikki Haley speaks before United Nations vote on Syria ceasefire: "In the three days it took us to adopt this resolution, how many mothers lost their kids to the bombing?".
Describing the proposal as "not realistic", Russia's Permanent Representative to the U.N., Vassily Nebenzia, claimed that "thousands of terrorists" remain in Eastern Ghouta and its fight against terrorism would continue.
The U.N. Security Council unanimously demanded Saturday that all parties in Syria implement a nationwide cease-fire for at least 30 days and lift sieges on areas, including eastern Ghouta.
"In a concession to Russian Federation, the draft was amended during tough-going negotiations last week to specify that the ceasefire does not apply to Daesh or Al-Qaida", Agence-France Press (AFP) reported.
Western powers suspect that Moscow wants to give Syria time to deal a final blow to forces defending the rebel-held enclave on the edge of Damascus. Late previous year Russian Federation used its veto to block a resumption of United Nations probes into the use of chemical weapons by regime forces.
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Russian Federation has previously voiced opposition to the resolution, saying it is unrealistic and that it ignores the fact that many Islamic State (IS) fighters remain in the region. We are also calling on armed groups in Eastern Ghouta to immediately stop their indiscriminate shelling of Damascus. As monitors reported more deaths in Eastern Ghouta Friday, world leaders tried to pressure and cajole Moscow into backing a temporary halt to the violence.
The enclave is surrounded by government-controlled territory, and its 400,000 residents are unwilling or unable to flee the deadly siege.
Few of eastern Ghouta's almost 400,000 residents - mostly living in a scattering of towns across the semi-rural area east of the capital - ventured out Friday.
Food supplies have been running dry, with bread no longer available on local markets. "Yes, I'm very frustrated with that", Skoog said.
"What are they doing to stop the devastation, the deaths, the murders that are taking place in Syria?"
"That is why for the resolution to be efficient - and we are ready to agree on the text which would make it so - we propose a formula which would make the ceasefire real, based on the guarantees of all who are inside eastern Ghouta and outside eastern Ghouta", he said.
Syrian state media reported one person was killed and 58 injured in rebel shelling of sites in Damascus, including a hospital.
US President Donald Trump said Friday that Russia's recent actions in Syria were a "disgrace".
German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron wrote to Russian president Vladimir Putin to urge him to support the ceasefire, according to German government sources.