The countries have declined to shelter asylum-seekers despite an overall drop in arrivals due to tighter borders and projects beyond the EU's frontiers to discourage migration to Europe.
The European Commission has sued Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic for failure to fulfil agreed with the European Union (EU) national quotas on the admission of migrants.
The Luxembourg-based ECJ could impose heavy fines.
"This is why, the commission has chose to move to the next stage of the infringement procedure and refer the three member states to the court of justice of the European Union". For Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic this legal precedent - not news, but a logical outcome.
They say the post-communist countries have failed to show sufficient solidarity with their peers and have threatened retribution, including siphoning away some of the funds the bloc contributes to their development.
Czech Prime Minister Andrej Babis told the BBC he opposed the relocation plan and that it fueled anti-migrant sentiment in the country.
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If I'm the coach, yeah, you want to play smart, you don't want to play dirty, you don't want to get that penalty and all that. White, who entered concussion protocol as a effect of Gronkowski's elbow drop, was cleared to return to practice on Thursday.
The temporary emergency relocation scheme was established in two Council Decisions in September 2015, in which Member States committed to relocate persons in need of global protection from Italy and Greece.
The organization has also chose to file a lawsuit in the European court of justice against Hungary adopted in this country, the laws on non-governmental organizations and higher education.
Responding to the move, Poland's Deputy Foreign Minister Konrad Szymanski said his nation "is ready to defend its position in the Court", and declared: "No one will lift the duty of providing public safety from the Polish government".
Hungary has been given a deadline of two months to respond to the latest step in the Commission's action over the law.
Hungary also caused controversy in June when it passed legislation forcing non-governmental organisations to declare themselves "foreign-funded".